Environmental Protection Agency

Environmental Protection Agency

Homework Chapter 28

Answer both the Short Answer and the Review Questions; the vocabulary has been provided for you to study. Submit your answers to the Dropbox labeled Chapter 28 Homework. I will provide answers to you after your submission for you to use to study. You will be graded on your effort. By submitting the work, you are agreeing that this is your work and you have not worked with another student or copied their work. You may submit up to the deadline but NO LATE WORK WILL BE ACCEPTED.

Short Answer Questions (these will be the basis for the short answer on the test)

1. How and why did the civil rights movement change in the mid-1960s? (pp. 940-946)

2. How did the black freedom struggle influence other reform movements of the 1960s and 1970s? (pp. 947-955)

3. What were the key goals of feminist reformers, and why did a countermovement arise to resist them? (pp. 955-960)

Review (these questions will be the basis for the multiple-choice questions)

1. What factors contributed to John F. Kennedy’s win in the presidential election of 1960?
2. In the months before his death, what initiatives had President Kennedy been pursuing ?
3. What did the Warren Commission conclude about the assassination of President Kennedy?
4. What made the Community Action Program the most controversial part of the War on Poverty programs?
5. The Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 mandated that funds for education be distributed on what basis?
6. The Medicare program provided ______________________________________.
7. In 1965, President Johnson became the first president to send Congress a special message on what topic?
8. What was the outcome of the National Housing Act of 1968?
9. In its 1967 Loving v. Virginia decision, the Supreme Court invalidated state laws banning what?
10. In its 1963 decision in Baker v. Carr, what did the Supreme Court establish?
11. The Supreme Court ruled in Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) ruled that accused criminals had the right to what?
12. For what purpose did the Congress of Racial Equality organize the Freedom Rides in 1961?
13. At a massive civil rights demonstration in the nation’s capital in August 1963, what did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?
14. Describe the Mississippi Freedom Summer Project of 1964.
15. How did President Johnson respond to the Bloody Sunday event of 1965?
16. Describe Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
17. How did the Voting Rights Act of 1965 transform southern politics?
18. Where did Malcolm X attract an especially large following?
19. As the radical chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, what did Stokely Carmichael call for?
20. When Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated on April 4, 1968, where was he and why?
21. What was the primary goal of Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta as they organized the Chicanos?
22. Describe the members of Students for a Democratic Society in the 1960s.
23. In 1964, students at the University of California, Berkeley, held a large-scale protest in support of ___________________________________________.
24. Drawing on the example of the Beats, what did the counterculture of the 1960s reject?
25. What was the event that sparked a larger movement to end discrimination against gay men and lesbians in 1969?
26. How did the radical feminist movement differ from the National Organization for Women and other mainstream feminist organizations?
27. With what effort is Phyllis Schlafly most closely associated?
28. Give an example of the sweeping change forged by feminists in the 1960s and 1970s.
29. Stagflation describes an economy that combines ____________________________.
30. Out of all protest groups, President Nixon gave the most public support for justice to __________________.
Vocabulary: Basis for identification questions on the test. You will be given the term to define.
Civil Rights Act of 1964: Law that responded to demands of the civil rights movement by making discrimination in employment, education, and public accommodations illegal. It was the strongest such measure since Reconstruction and included a ban on sex discrimination in employment.

War on Poverty: President Lyndon Johnson’s efforts, organized through the Office of Economic Opportunity, to ameliorate poverty primarily through education and training as well as by including the poor in decision making.
Medicare and Medicaid: Social programs enacted as part of Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society. Medicare provided the elderly with universal compulsory medical insurance financed primarily by Social Security taxes. Medicaid authorized federal grants to supplement state-paid medical care for poor people of all ages.

Voting Rights Act of 1965: Law passed during Lyndon Johnson’s administration that empowered the federal government to intervene to ensure minorities access to the voting booth. As a result of the act, black voting and officeholding in the South shot up, initiating a major transformation in southern politics.

Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965: Legislation passed during Lyndon Johnson’s administration abolishing discriminatory immigration quotas based on national origins. Although it did limit the number of immigrants, including those from Latin America for the first time, it facilitated a surge in immigration later in the century.

Warren Court: The Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren (1953-1969), which expanded the Constitution’s promise of equality and civil rights. It issued landmark decisions in the areas of civil rights, criminal rights, reproductive freedom, and separation of church and state.

Black Power Movement: Movement of the 1960s and 1970s that emphasized black racial pride and autonomy. Black power advocates encouraged African Americans to assert community control, and some within the movement also rejected the ethos of nonviolence.

American Indian Movement (AIM): Organization established in 1968 to address the problems Indians faced in American cities, including poverty and police harassment. AIM organized Indians to end relocation and termination policies and to win greater control over their cultures and communities.

Chicano Movement: Mobilization of Mexican Americans in the 1960s and 1970s to fight for civil rights, economic justice, and political power and to combat police brutality. Most notably, the movement worked to improve the lives of migrant farmworkers and to end discrimination in employment and education.

National Organization for Women (NOW): Women’s civil rights organization formed in 1966. Initially, NOW focused on eliminating gender discrimination in public institutions and the workplace, but by the 1970s, it also embraced many of the issued raised by more radical feminists.

Roe v. Wade: 1973 Supreme Court ruling that the Constitution protects the right to abortion, which states cannot prohibit in the early stages of pregnancy. The decision galvanized social conservatives and made abortion a controversial policy issues for decades to come.

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): Federal agency created by President Nixon in 1970 to conduct environmental research, and reduce human health and environmental risks from pollutants.

 

 

 

………………………Answer preview…………………………….

What factors contributed to John F. Kennedy’s win in the presidential election of 1960?

The African American vote and Lyndon Johnson’s strength in the South

 

In the months before his death, what initiatives had President Kennedy been pursuing?

Programs to attack poverty, grow the economy and promote civil rights

 

What did the Warren Commission conclude about the assassination of President Kennedy?

Both Lee Harvey Oswald and Jack Ruby acted alone……………………

APA

1366 words

 








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